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The following projects are in progress:

  • The Tamil Diaspora from Sri Lanka
  • Sri Lanka's Geo-Strategic Significance 





The Tamil Diaspora from Sri Lanka


In recent years, the enduring connection between diasporas and their homeland has attracted the attention of scholars and policymakers. The Eelam Tamil diaspora (to distinguish it from the larger Tamil diaspora from India)  is one of the contemporary diasporas to have come under scrutiny in view of its ongoing involvement with homeland politics during the civil war and thereafter. This is not surprising as this diaspora came into existence following the political turmoil in Sri Lanka.  The Tamil departure from Sri Lanka began as a direct consequence of policies pursued by the Sri Lankan state which resulted in Tamils having to face discrimination in employment and education. As such, beginning from the late 1950’s until the late 1970’s the exodus was confined to professionals and students. In terms of numbers, it was just a trickle.  However, by the 1980 ’s it had become a torrent as war broke out between the Sri Lankan state and the Tamil people.

Today, the Eelam Tamil diaspora includes second and third generations.

One of the criticisms levelled against the diaspora from within is the slow progress made to-date in building strong relationships with rights organisations and civil society in host countries

Approach: :                             

The Study will focus on the following areas by identifying people who have an

Interest and expertise in these fields.

The nexus between the Eelam Tamil diaspora and homeland politics.

This will include exploring the diaspora’s role in

  1. Facilitating a political resolution to the conflict in Sri Lanka
  2. Calling for accountability for crimes against humanity-war crimes genocide  
  3. Developing their homeland
The Changing face of the Eelam Tamil diaspora/Eelam Tamil diaspora in the 21st century

Approaching the third decade of the 21st century, it is no surprise that the Eelam Tamil diaspora should be significantly different to that which had emerged during the 20th century. The change is not only due to the presence of the second and third generations but also attributable to the first generation’s exposure to the cultures of the host countries. This study will seek to capture the changes that have occurred.

Tamil diaspora and global solidarity

This pillar of study will evaluate the relationship between the diaspora and the civil society of host countries.


A well-researched publication on the Tamil Diaspora from Sri Lanka

Project Owner:                      Centre for Strategic Studies Trincomalee,(CSST) Sri Lanka

Project Coordinator:             Sarvendra Tharmalingam

Estimated Timings

Duration:             3 Years

 Completion:        31 August 2021



Sri Lanka's Geo-Strategic Significance 


The Indian Ocean hosts one of the most important global maritime routes connecting the Far East with Europe. These maritime routes are pivotal for the worldwide supply of energy. The rise of China and India has led to the speculation that global struggles will play out in the Indian Ocean during the twenty-first century with the interests of the United States interlocking with the regional rivalry between China and India.

Sri Lanka is located in the Indian Ocean 500 miles north of the equator straddling the Gulf-far East oil route with no appreciable land mass south of it until one reaches Antarctica. The island’s strategic significance is attributable to its location in the Indian Ocean.  This is borne out by the direct involvement of India, US and China in Sri Lanka’s civil war. This project will seek to explore the extent of Sri Lanka’s strategic importance and its impact on the island’s political and economic future


  •                         Papers presented at a seminar to be conducted by CSST            
  •                         Papers submitted by contributors
  •                         Publication of papers in the form of a book edited by the Project Coordinator.


A well-researched publication exploring the extent of Sri Lanka’s geostrategic significance and its potential impact on the country’s politics and economics.   

Project Owner:                   Centre for Strategic Studies Trincomalee,(CSST) Sri Lanka 

Project Coordinator:            Ana Pararajasingham

Estimated Timings

Duration:      18 months 

Completion:   31 March 2020